L’Italia: un’istantanea statistica del Bel Paese
A Statistical Snapshot of Italy
Statistics can never capture the soul of a nation, but a recent report provides an intriguing glimpse into Italy as a country of singles (un paese di single) as well as one of the oldest nations in the world (una delle nazioni più vecchie al mondo), with a declining birth rate but increases in marriages (matrimoni) and divorces (divorzi).
Here are some of the key findings from the l'annuario Istat 2017, the most recent report of Italy’s Institute of Statistics:
Shrinking Families (Famiglie meno numerose)
Over the last twenty years, the average number of people in an Italian household has fallen from 2.7 to 2.4. Single-person households (le famiglie composte da una sola persona) now make up more than thirty percent of Italian families.
Births and Life Expectancy (Natalità e aspettativa di vita)
Births continue to fall, with 12,342 fewer babies born than the previous year. Mothers now average 1.35 children per woman (figli per donna). Italy is in sixth place (al sesto posto) for lowest fertility in Europe. Portugal is at the bottom with 1.21 children per woman, while France, with 1.96 children per woman, ranks as the most fertile country in Europe. Life expectancy at birth (l’aspettativa di vita alla nascita) is 80.6 years for men and 85.1 years for women.
On a scale of 0 to 10 (su una scala da 0 a 10), Italians rate their overall satisfaction at an average of 7. They are generally very satisfied with their relations with family and friends (le proprie relazioni con familiari e amici) but less satisfied with their economic situation (la situazione economica).
Declining Population (Popolazione in calo)
As of December 31, 2016, the Italian resident population (la popolazione residente in Italia) totaled 60,589,445 (29,445,741 men and 31,143,704 women), 76,000 fewer than at the beginning of the year. The biggest decrease (il maggiore decremento) came in the South and the islands of Italy, while the Northwest showed the greatest population increase.
More Marriages and Divorces (Matrimoni e divorzi in aumento)
Marriages increased by more than 4,600 to 194,377 –- an average of 3.2 per thousand Italians. The number of divorces also increased, to a total of 82,469.
A Stable Foreign Population (Stabile la popolazione straniera)
Foreign residents (residenti stranieri) total 5,047,028, 8.3 percent of the total population. The majority of foreigners residing in Italy (30.5 percent) are from the European Union (EU), followed by those from Central and Eastern Europe (21.0 percent) and North Africa (12.9 percent).
More Culture (Più cultura)
In the previous twelve months, during their free time (nel loro tempo libero), two-thirds of Italians age six and older visited museums, exhibitions, or archaeological sites or monuments; attended classical music concerts or theater performances; or went to movies, sporting events, or dance venues. State museums recorded an increase in attendance to 45.5 million.
Sports (Lo Sport)
About a quarter of Italians reported a physical activity (un'attività fisica), such as walking for at least two kilometers, swimming or cycling (come fare passeggiate per almeno due chilometri, nuotare o andare in bicicletta). Almost 40 percent do not participate in a sport or engage in a physical activity in their free time. A higher percentage of women (43.4 percent) than men (34.8 percent) describe themselves as sedentary (sedentarie).
Words and Expressions
Statistica –- statistics
Indagare –- do research into
Tendenze demografiche -- population trends
Rilevazione statistica –- statistical survey
Raccolta dati –- data collection
Dianne Hales is the author of MONA LISA: A Life Discovered and LA BELLA LINGUA: My Love Affair with Italian, the World's Most Enchanting Language.